April 4, 1999

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Scholarship Announcement

The Society of Performers, Artists, Athletes and Celebrities for Space Exploration, Inc. (SPAACSE) has announced a competition for the first George R. Faenza Scholarship for graduating American high school seniors. SPAACSE hopes this will become an annual award.

SPAACSE is a not-for-profit organization formed to foster public education projects to bring a heightened awareness to and support for space exploration, through the national and international academic, scientific, artistic, athletic, political and celebrity communities.

The scholarship will be awarded on the basis of an essay that best describes 'Why the United States Needs a Space Program'. Along with the essay, three letters of recommendation and a synopsis outlining how the applicant has contributed to space education at the school, community, state or national level should be included.

In addition to the $1,000 scholarship award, the winner will be offered an all-expenses-paid trip to Washington, D.C. to participate in this year's ongoing effort to educate Congressional leaders about the importance of continuing the United States space exploration effort.

The application deadline is April 12th, 1999, with the winner to be announced by May 3, 1999.

For more information, applicants should contact the SPAACSE office at the following address:

George R. Faenza Scholarship Fund
P.O. Box 4559 Grand Central Station
New York, New York 10163

or telephone +1 (718) 369-3621 or +1 (407) 868-2083, or e-mail:

[ANS thanks SPAACSE and Donna McAllister for this information]

Early Success with HAARP Tests

The ARRL is reporting an experiment conducted earlier this month by the High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP) facility in Gakona, Alaska has yielded some encouraging results.

During the March experiment, HAARP (using very high power transmitters) attempted to generate what are called 'field-aligned irregularities' in the F-region over the HAARP facility. Participants, under the direction of principal investigator Ed Cole, AL7EB, then attempted to establish communication by scattering VHF amateur radio signals off of the generated irregularities.

The amateur radio test was conducted at 144.100 MHz.

HAARP's Ed Kennedy, K3NS, said signal source KL7X ran 1,000 watts into a 28-dBi EME antenna during the test. "Using KL7X as the source, two stations, WL7BQM and AL7EB were able to detect the scattered signal off of the field aligned irregularities generated in the F-layer over HAARP," said K3NS. Mike, WL7BQM, is an active satellite operator.

"The scattered signals had an interesting Doppler characteristic and were on the order of 20-30 dB above the detectable threshold for the equipment used by the receiving stations," Kennedy said. "For comparison, I don't think they were nearly as strong as the signals that scatter off of the naturally occurring aurora."

A complete record of the test was completed and participating stations are now busy working on analyzing the results with help from WL7BQM and FFTDSP software developer AF9Y.

[ANS thanks the ARRL for this information]

ANS in Brief

ANS news in brief this week includes the following:

Weekly Satellite Report

Mir . RS-12 . RS-13 . RS-15 . RS-16 . AO-10 . AO-27 . FO-20 . FO-29 . KO-23 . KO-25 . UO-11 . AO-16 . DO-17 . WO-18 . LO-19 . UO-22 . IO-26 . TO-31 . GO-32 . SO-33 . PO-34 . SO-35


SAFEX II 70cm Repeater
Uplink 435.750 MHz FM with subaudible tone 141.3 Hz
Downlink 437.950 MHz FM
Seldom operational.  No operation in 1999 has been observed.
SAFEX II 70cm QSO Mode
Uplink 435.725 MHz FM with subaudible tone 151.4 Hz
Downlink 437.925 MHz FM
Seldom operational.  No operation in 1999 has been observed.
Packet Radio PMS
Uplink/Downlink 145.985 MHz FM, 1200 baud AFSK

The Mir core module was launched February 19, 1986. The Associated Press is again reporting that several private investors have agreed to keep the aging Mir space station in orbit after government money for the 13-year-old station runs out in August.

The PBBS is running a Kantronics KPC-9612 + V.8.1 TNC. The commands are similar to most PBBS and BBS systems.

AMSAT-France announced that Air Force General Jean-Pierre Haignere has been given a personal callsign to use aboard Mir: FX0STB. The QSL manager for FX0STB is:

Radio Club F5KAM
QSL manager Mir
22 rue Bansac
63000 Clermont Ferrand

Scott, WA6LIE, has a set of instructions on how to work the Mir space station. Copies of the instructions are available from Scott by e-mail at, or by packet at

Ken, N1WED, tells ANS that pending course correction maneuvers, Mir will pass a space milestone of seventy-five thousand orbits on or about 5-April-99.

[ANS thanks Scott Avery, WA6LIE, and the MIREX team for Mir status information]


Uplink 145.910 to 145.950 MHz CW/SSB
Uplink 21.210 to 21.250 MHz CW/SSB
Downlink 29.410 to 29.450 MHz CW/SSB
Downlink 145.910 to 145.950 MHz CW/SSB
Beacon 29.408 MHz
Robot Uplink 21.129 MHz, Downlink 29.454 MHz

Last reported to be semi-operational, beacon only.


Uplink 21.260 to 21.300 MHz CW/SSB
Uplink 145.960 to 146.000 MHz CW/SSB
Downlink 29.460 to 29.500 MHz CW/SSB
Downlink 145.960 to 146.000 MHz CW/SSB
Beacon 29.504 MHz
Robot Uplink 21.140 MHz, Downlink 29.458 MHz

Last reported in mode KA (10m downlink, 15m and 2m uplinks).

John, K2JF, has been active on RS-13. Garie, K8KFJ, reports working KE4UMW on CW and W8TRX on SSB, both with good signals.

Several stations have been active on RS-13 SSTV. To receive SSTV via satellite, a cable connected from the audio output of the receiver to the audio input of a computer sound card and a software program is all that is needed. Check the following URL for a selection of SSTV software:

RS-12/13 command is now in the hands of Alex Papkov, in Kaluga City, Russia.


Uplink 145.858 to 145.898 MHz CW/SSB
Downlink 29.354 to 29.394 MHz CW/SSB
Beacon 29.352 MHz (intermittent)
Semi-operational, Mode A (2m uplink, 10m downlink)

The 29.380 MHz SSB 'meeting frequency' used by most RS-15 operators is showing good results.

Dave, WB6LLO, reports he has prepared a "quick and dirty" set of operating instructions for RS-15 at the following URL:


Uplink 435.030 to 435.180 MHz CW/LSB
Downlink 145.975 to 145.825 MHz CW/USB
Beacon 145.810 MHz (unmodulated carrier)

AO-10 continues to slowly emerge from its latest sleep phase. Jeff, K7XQ, tells ANS he made a quick contact with KW9M. Jeff reports hearing himself on the downlink with S-7 signals. "There is still some deep fades but it is getting more consistent," reports K7XQ.

Stacey Mills, W4SM, has more information about the satellite at the following URL:

[ANS thanks Stacey Mills, W4SM, for his AO-10 status information and web site]


Uplink 145.850 MHz FM
Downlink: 436.792 MHz FM

The on/off states of AO-27 were re-set on Monday March 1, 1999 by Chuck, KM4NZ. The TEPR states on AO-27 are now as follows:

TEPR 4 is 24
TEPR 5 is 60

This means that the transmitter will turn on 12 minutes after it enters the sun and shut off 18 minutes later. The TEPR states of AO-27 are beginning to slip slightly as evidenced by the satellite shutting off slightly early.

AO-27 is seeing heavy usage, especially on weekends.

AMSAT Area Coordinator Bob DeVarney, WE1U, who was scheduled to operate W1AW from ARRL Headquarters via AO-27 informed ANS he had to cancel his planned operation. He may re-schedule W1AW satellite operation for sometime this summer.

[ANS thanks Michael Wyrick, N4USI, for AO-27 information]

JAS-1b FO-20

Uplink 145.900 to 146.000 MHz CW/LSB
Downlink 435.800 to 435.900 MHz CW/USB

FO-20 in mode JA continuously.

Recent SSTV activity on FO-20 has included AB2CJ, AC4VM and M1BTR. Activity has been centered on 435.880 MHz.

[ANS thanks Kazu Sakamoto, JJ1WTK for the FO-20 status reports]


Voice/CW Mode JA
Uplink 145.900 to 146.000 MHz CW/LSB
Downlink 435.800 to 435.900 MHz CW/USB
Semi-operational, rotated with digital mode and digi-talker. See schedule below.
Digital Mode JD
Uplink 145.850, 145.870, 145.910 MHz FM
Downlink 435.910 MHz FM 9600 baud BPSK
Semi-operational, rotated with analog mode and digi-talker. See schedule below.

Mike, KF4FDJ, tells N1JEZ that he noticed several polarity shifts during a recent FO-29 pass.

Kazu, JJ1WTK, reported to ANS that the JARL decided to extend digi-talker operation on FO-29 until 29-March. The new operation schedule announced by the JARL is as follows:

March 29 - April 5 JA
April 5 - April 12 JD1200
April 12 - April 27 JA
April 27 - May 6 Digitalker (with new message planned)

[ANS thanks Kazu Sakamoto, JJ1WTK, for the FO-29 status reports]


Uplink 145.980 MHz FM
Downlink 436.500 MHz FM, 9600 Baud FSK

KO-25 is absorbing the additional traffic (due to the loss of KO-23) and is performing well under heavy usage with good downlink efficiency.

[ANS thanks Jim Weisenberger, AA7KC, for KO-25 status information]


Uplink 145.900 or 145.975 MHz FM
Downlink 435.120 MHz FM 9600 Baud FSK

Carol, W9HGI, reports UO-22 is "working just fine, averaging six passes per day" over her QTH. W9HGI operates the West Coast Packet Satellite Gateway (WSPG) for the Worldwide Packet Network (WPN).

More information on the satellite is available at the following URL:

[ANS thanks Carol Byers, W9HGI, for the UO-22 satellite report. Chris Jackson, G7UPN /ZL2TPO, is the Operations Manager of UO-22]


Downlink 145.825 MHz FM, 1200 baud PSK
Beacon 2401.500 MHz

Clive, G3CWV, reports good signals have been received from the 145.826 MHz beacon.

A single WOD survey dated 06-January-99 of solar array currents and array voltage has been transmitted. The WOD contains a characteristic musical tone which occurs when the constant data is captured during solar eclipses and then transmitted. The ASCII bulletin is currently a static message, detailing modes and frequencies of all the amateur radio satellites.

More information about OSCAR 11 can be found at the following URL:

Beacon reception reports should be sent to:

[ANS thanks Clive Wallis, G3CWV, for this information.]


Uplink 145.900, 145.920, 145.940, 145.860 MHz FM, 1200 bps Manchester FSK
Downlink 437.0513 MHz SSB, 1200 bps RC-BPSK 1200 Baud PSK
Beacon 2401.1428 MHz.)
Operating normally.

Telemetry is as follows:

Time is Sat Apr 03 12:24:11 1999 uptime is 1658/06:45:39
+X (RX) Temp     1.814 D  	RX Temp         -4.842 D
Baseplt Temp      3.629 D  	RC PSK BP Temp   1.814 D
RC PSK HPA Tmp   2.419 D  	+Y Array Temp    1.209 D
PSK TX HPA Tmp   1.209 D  	+Z Array Temp   12.705 D
RC PSK TX Out    0.442 W
Total Array C= 0.304 Bat Ch Cur=-0.015 Ifb= 0.052 I+10V= 0.283
TX:010B BCR:85 PWRC:59E BT: A WC:25 EDAC:73

General information and telemetry WOD files can be found at

A complete collection of WOD graphics corresponding to the year of 1998 can be found at

[ANS thanks Miguel A. Menendez, EA1BCU, for this report.]


Uplink 145.840, 145.860, 145.880, 145.900 MHz 1200 bps Manchester FSK
Downlink 437.125 MHz SSB, 1200 bps RC-BPSK
Currently semi-operational.

No BBS service -- both EA1BCU and NN0DJ/ANS have not received any updated information for several months. The digipeater is active.

Telemetry is as follows:

Time is Fri Apr 02 23:45:29 1999 uptime is 245/10:10:51
+X (RX) Temp    -8.844 D  	RX Temp          2.374 D
RC PSK BP Temp   0.131 D  	RC PSK HPA Tmp  -0.991 D
+Y Array Temp  -17.257 D  	PSK TX HPA Tmp  -0.991 D
RC PSK TX Out    0.659 W  	+Z Array Temp  -14.453 D
Total Array C= 0.008 Bat Ch Cur=-0.289 Ifb= 0.119 I+10V= 0.177
TX:017 BCR:1E PWRC:62D BT:3C WC: 0

General information and telemetry samples can be found at

[ANS thanks Miguel A. Menendez, EA1BCU, for this report.]


Uplink 145.925 MHz 9600 baud FSK
Downlink 436.925 MHz 9600 baud FSK

ProcMail V2.00G has been released by G7UPN. This software permits the processing of image files from TO-31. ProcMail V2.00G is available for downloading on KO-23 and KO-25. It also has been posted to the AMSAT-NA FTP site at the following URL:

[ANS thanks Chris Jackson, G7UPN/ZL2TPO, for this report]


Downlink frequency not established.
The satellite is not currently available for uplink transmissions.

PANSAT, developed by the Naval Postgraduate School, was launched from the shuttle Discovery. PANSAT spread-spectrum digital transponders will be available to amateur radio operators in the near future along with software to utilize this technology. The PO-34 command station is located in Monterey, California.

Dan Sakoda, KD6DRA, PANSAT Project Manager recommends 'The ARRL Spread Spectrum Sourcebook' as a good place to start in understanding the spread-spectrum scheme.

The PANSAT Team does not expect the satellite to be available to the Amateur Radio community for another few months.

For more information, visit the official PANSAT web site at:

[ANS thanks Dan Sakoda, KD6DRA, for this information]

SunSat SO-35

Uplink/downlink frequencies have not been established.

The satellite is not currently available for uplink transmissions. At this time the command team is planning general amateur radio service in the near future.

SunSat was launched February 23, 1999 aboard a Delta II rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. SunSat stands for Stellenbosch University Satellite and takes it name from the South African university whose students constructed the payload.

The SunSat package includes 1200 and 9600 baud digital store-and-forward capability and a voice 'parrot' repeater system that will be used primarily for educational demonstrations. The satellite has two VHF and two UHF transmit-receive systems.

For more information on SunSat, visit the following URL:

[ANS thanks Garth Milne ZR1AFH, for this information]

The following satellites are in orbit but are non-operational at this time:


The 435 MHz beacon (only) is operational. Attempts to command the mode A transponder 'on' have been unsuccessful to date.

No additional information is available at this time.

DO-17 (DOVE)

Downlink 145.825 MHz FM, 1200 Baud AFSK
Beacon 2401.220 MHz

DOVE stopped transmitting in March 1998. The 145.825 MHz and 2401.220 MHz downlinks are off the air and the satellite has not responded to ground station control.

QSL cards for receiving DOVE (when the satellite is operating) may be obtained from:

Dianne White, N0IZO
45777 Rampart Road
Parker, Colorado 80138-4316

No additional information is available at this time.


Downlink 437.104 MHz SSB, 1200 Baud PSK AX.25

WO-18 is reported to be in MBL mode after a software crash.

No additional information is available at this time.


Uplink 145.875, 145.900, 145.925, 145.950 MHz FM
Downlink 435.822 MHz SSB, 1200 Baud PSK

Unknown status. ANS has not received any recent updates concerning the status of IO-26.

No additional information is available at this time.

TechSat-1B GO-32

Downlink 435.325, 435.225 MHz
HDLC telemetry framed so a TNC in KISS mode will decode it

Unknown status. ANS has not received any recent updates concerning the current status of GO-32.

The TechSat-1B micro-satellite was successfully launched from the Russian Baikonur Cosmodrome on July 10, 1998.

The satellite does not have a continuous beacon, but does transmit a 9600-baud burst every 30 seconds (for about 3 seconds in length), currently on 435.225 MHz.

The TechSat team has also constructed a home page about the TechSat bird. To view the site, point your web browser to:

No additional information is available at this time.


Downlink 437.910 MHz FM 9600 Baud FSK
The satellite is not currently available for uplink transmissions. Recovery efforts have been unsuccessful.

SEDSAT-1, signifying Students for the Exploration and Development of Space Satellite number one, was successfully launched and placed in orbit on Saturday, October 24, 1998.

SedSat was last reported to be performing as it has since launch, transmitting telemetry until the batteries are depleted -- going into safe mode -- recharging batteries -- and then repeating the process.

For more information on SedSat-1, including Version 1.2 of the SedSat ground station software -- visit the satellite web site at the following URL:

No additional information is available at this time.


Uplink 145.850, 145.900 MHz FM
Downlink 435.175 MHz FM, 9600 Baud FSK

Not operational. The downlink transmitter has not been operational for any normal communication for several weeks.

ANS has learned (from HL0ENJ) that satellite downlink telemetry shows one of KO-23's battery cells to be very unstable.

[ANS thanks Jim Weisenberger, AA7KC, and KyungHee Kim, HL0ENJ, for KO-23 status information]

[Please send any amateur satellite news or reports to the ANS Editors at, or to ANS Editor Dan James, NN0DJ, at]

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This week's AMSAT News Service bulletins were edited by AMSAT News Service Editor Dan James, NN0DJ,