March 28, 1999

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NASA Provides Space Qualification Funding to SAREX/ARISS Team

Frank Bauer, KA3HDO, AMSAT-NA's Vice President for Human Spaceflight told ANS recently that NASA's Education Office has transferred $90,000 to the U.S.-based Space Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX) team to support the space qualification of the Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS) hardware.

"We are ecstatic that NASA has committed their precious Educational Outreach resources to support a crucial facet of the ARISS Hardware development", said KA3HDO. "While this may sound like a great deal of funding to the amateur radio community, it represents approximately one-seventh of what we expect will be required to fully develop all three phases of the ARISS hardware system," added Bauer.

The ARISS hardware will consist of an initial station, currently being prepared for launch this October on STS-101, a more sophisticated transportable station, to be delivered in late 2000 or early 2001, a rack-mounted permanent station to be launched around 2003 or 2004, and an externally mounted ham radio payload scheduled to be installed in 2003.

Immediately after the July 1998 ARISS meeting in Surrey England, SAREX Working Group members Rosalie White, WA1STO, and Frank Bauer, KA3HDO, developed a financial budget for the U.S.-led activities on ARISS. This budget was presented to NASA in September with requested resource contributions from NASA. The budget request led to the recent transfer of the $90,000 to the SAREX team. The NASA funding will primarily support the space qualification of the initial station and early aspects of the transportable station. Space qualification is quite challenging because it will include the U.S. and German developed radio hardware to be installed in the pressurized Russian Service module and the Italian, Russian, and U.S. developed antenna systems that will be installed on the outside of the Service Module.

These antenna systems will require a special EVA, or spacewalk, to mount the hardware and install the coaxial cables. Thanks to Sergei Samburov, RV3DR, and his team at Energia, four antenna feed-through ports have been provided on the Service Module to support the four amateur radio antenna systems that will be installed on the Russian Service module.

"Ensuring the ARISS hardware can pass the EVA safety tests is our most challenging task," Bauer stated. The ARISS team will be working with a NASA Goddard Space Flight Center-based contractor team from Orbital Sciences Corporation (OSC) to deliver the ARISS Safety Data Package and ensure the ARISS hardware is flight qualified. This team is also responsible for the development of the tools and the qualification of hardware on the Hubble Space Telescope servicing missions for NASA/Goddard, which requires significant knowledge in Human Spaceflight qualification and crew safety.

[ANS thanks Frank Bauer, KA3HDO, AMSAT-NA Vice President for Human Spaceflight]

Sputnik 99 to Launch in April

The ARRL is reporting that the organizations who arranged the Sputnik 40 and 41 mini-Sputnik satellites will launch a third mini-satellite in April 1999. Sputnik 40 Years spokesman Guy Pignolet says a third flight model is now aboard a Progress rocket in Baikonur, Russia, awaiting transport to the Russian Mir space station on or near April 2nd.

ESA astronaut Jean-Pierre Haignere, FX0STB, of France, will launch Sputnik 99 (which will also be known as RS-19 and possibly as Sputnik 42) by hand from Mir sometime in April.

This newest 'baby Sputnik' was a cooperative effort of Gerard Auvray, F6FAO, of AMSAT-France; Viktor Kourilov, of the Astronautical Federation of Russia; and Sergei Sambourov, RV3DR, of Energia and AMSAT-Russia.

Technical details of the latest Sputnik are not yet available.

[ANS thanks the ARRL for this information]

Special Event Station GB0SS

Ken Eaton, GW1FKY, representing AMSAT-UK, tells ANS "that to mark the occasion of the official opening of the International Space School, special event station GB0SS will be operated from the school by members of Barry Amateur Radio Club."

Dignitaries at the official opening will include George Abbey, Director of the Johnson Space Center in Houston; Cosmonaut Yuri Glazkove, Director of Cosmonaut Training in Star City, Russia; and U.S. Astronaut Dr. Bonnie Dunbar.

Teachers from across the United Kingdom have also been invited to attend the opening of the school. A three-day conference will follow, discussing how modern technology (including amateur radio satellites) can play a major role for communications and education in the school system.

Special event station GB0SS will be in operation from 12:00 UTC on March 29th through the afternoon of April 1, 1999. Operation is planned for the HF, VHF and UHF bands in addition to available satellite passes.

[ANS thanks Ken Eaton, GW1FKY, and AMSAT-UK for this information]

ANS in Brief

ANS news in brief this week includes the following:

Weekly Satellite Report

Mir . RS-12 . RS-13 . RS-15 . RS-16 . AO-10 . AO-27 . FO-20 . FO-29 . KO-23 . KO-25 . UO-11 . AO-16 . DO-17 . WO-18 . LO-19 . UO-22 . IO-26 . TO-31 . GO-32 . SO-33 . PO-34 . SO-35


SAFEX II 70cm Repeater
Uplink 435.750 MHz FM with subaudible tone 141.3 Hz
Downlink 437.950 MHz FM
Seldom operational.  No operation in 1999 has been observed.
SAFEX II 70cm QSO Mode
Uplink 435.725 MHz FM with subaudible tone 151.4 Hz
Downlink 437.925 MHz FM
Seldom operational.  No operation in 1999 has been observed.
Packet Radio PMS
Uplink/Downlink 145.985 MHz FM, 1200 baud AFSK
Semi-operational due to SSTV transmissions.

The PBBS is running a Kantronics KPC-9612 + V.8.1 TNC. The commands are similar to most PBBS and BBS systems.

AMSAT-France announced that Air Force General Jean-Pierre Haignere has been given a personal callsign to use aboard Mir: FX0STB. The QSL manager for FX0STB is:

Radio Club F5KAM
QSL manager Mir
22 rue Bansac
63000 Clermont Ferrand

Scott, WA6LIE, has a set of instructions on how to work the Mir space station. Copies of the instructions are available from Scott by e-mail at, or by packet at

Dave, M1BVU, reports hearing Jean-Pierre on 2-meter FM in QSO with several stations as Mir passed over his QTH. Jean-Michel, F6GRY, also reports FX0STB voice activity over France recently.

Ken, N1WED, tells ANS that pending course correction maneuvers, Mir will pass a space milestone of seventy-five thousand orbits on or about 5-April-99. The Mir core module was launched February 19, 1986. The present total weight of the seven modules that currently make up Mir is almost 125 tons. N1WED adds that due to the probable upcoming deorbit, Mir will not make 100,000 orbits, which would occur on or about August 12, 2003.

Juan, CE3LWU, reports both a packet and voice contact with Mir, working the Mir PMS system along with a voice QSO with FX0STB. Martin, DG4ZX, reports hearing French astronaut Jean-Pierre in voice contact with several European stations. Mike, KD9KC, reports an unproto packet QSO through Mir with N9TWH.

[ANS thanks Scott Avery, WA6LIE, and the MIREX team for Mir status information]


Uplink 145.910 to 145.950 MHz CW/SSB
Uplink 21.210 to 21.250 MHz CW/SSB
Downlink 29.410 to 29.450 MHz CW/SSB
Downlink 145.910 to 145.950 MHz CW/SSB
Beacon 29.408 MHz
Robot Uplink 21.129 MHz, Downlink 29.454 MHz

Last reported to be semi-operational, beacon only.


Uplink 21.260 to 21.300 MHz CW/SSB
Uplink 145.960 to 146.000 MHz CW/SSB
Downlink 29.460 to 29.500 MHz CW/SSB
Downlink 145.960 to 146.000 MHz CW/SSB
Beacon 29.504 MHz
Robot Uplink 21.140 MHz, Downlink 29.458 MHz

Last reported in mode KA (10m downlink, 15m and 2m uplinks).

Tony, AB2CJ, has again been active on RS-13 SSTV. Tony tells ANS that to copy an AB2CJ SSTV picture, a cable connected from the audio output of the receiver to the audio input of the computer sound card and a software program such as W95SSTV -- is all that is needed.

RS-12/13 command is now in the hands of Alex Papkov, in Kaluga City, Russia.


Uplink 145.858 to 145.898 MHz CW/SSB
Downlink 29.354 to 29.394 MHz CW/SSB
Beacon 29.352 MHz (intermittent)
Semi-operational, Mode A (2m uplink, 10m downlink)

The 29.380 MHz SSB 'meeting frequency' used by most RS-15 operators is showing good results.

John, K2JF, reports his 29.369 MHz CW downlink signals were R-5 S-8 T-9 on a recent RS-15 pass. K2JF tells ANS he "called CQ over and over with no answers" on that pass.

Dave, WB6LLO, reports he has prepared a "quick and dirty" set of operating instructions for RS-15 at the following URL:


Uplink 435.030 to 435.180 MHz CW/LSB
Downlink 145.975 to 145.825 MHz CW/USB
Beacon 145.810 MHz (unmodulated carrier)

ANS has received several reports that indicate AO-10 may be coming out of its latest sleep phase. Yoshi, JA6BX, tells ANS of hearing the beacon "even at apogee." Mike, KF4FDJ, reports he and KB8VAO had a "minimal QSO" on the satellite. K1WVU worked G3WFM with 5X5 signals and some QSB. Ken, WA1QXR, reports good downlink signals, as does K6YK. John, M1BTR, tells ANS he received AO-10 audio with typical deep QSB and S-4 signals.

Stacey Mills, W4SM, has more information about the satellite at the following URL:

[ANS thanks Stacey Mills, W4SM, for his AO-10 status information and web site]


Uplink 145.850 MHz FM
Downlink: 436.792 MHz FM

The on/off states of AO-27 were re-set on Monday March 1, 1999 by Chuck, KM4NZ. The TEPR states on AO-27 are now as follows:

TEPR 4 is 24
TEPR 5 is 60

This means that the transmitter will turn on 12 minutes after it enters the sun and shut off 18 minutes later.

AMSAT Area Coordinator Bob, WE1U, will operate W1AW from ARRL Headquarters on April 6th using the following the tentative schedule:

15:25 to 15:37 UTC RS-13
16:25 to 16:38 UTC AO-27
16:38 to 16:48 UTC FO-29

QSL via:

225 Main Street
Newington, CT 06111-1494

Please enclose a SASE if you want a card in return. WE1U will concentrate on AO-27 primarily, with RS-13 and FO-29 on a secondary basis.

AO-27 is seeing heavy usage, especially on weekends.

[ANS thanks Michael Wyrick, N4USI, for AO-27 information]

JAS-1b FO-20

Uplink 145.900 to 146.000 MHz CW/LSB
Downlink 435.800 to 435.900 MHz CW/USB

FO-20 in mode JA continuously.

[ANS thanks Kazu Sakamoto, JJ1WTK for the FO-20 status reports]


Voice/CW Mode JA
Uplink 145.900 to 146.000 MHz CW/LSB
Downlink 435.800 to 435.900 MHz CW/USB
Semi-operational, rotated with digital mode and digi-talker. See schedule below.
Digital Mode JD
Uplink 145.850, 145.870, 145.910 MHz FM
Downlink 435.910 MHz FM 9600 baud BPSK
Semi-operational, rotated with analog mode and digi-talker. See schedule below.

Kazu, JJ1WTK, reported to ANS that the JARL decided to extend digi-talker operation on FO-29 until 29-March. The new operation schedule announced by the JARL is as follows:

March 29 - April 5 JA
April 5 - April 12 JD1200
April 12 - April 27 JA
April 27 - May 6 Digitalker (with new message planned)

JJ1WTK confirms the digi-talker currently transmits a 2-part message:

A report of copying the FO-29 digi-talker has been received from VE3DCL.


Uplink 145.850, 145.900 MHz FM
Downlink 435.175 MHz FM, 9600 Baud FSK

Not operational. The downlink transmitter has not been operational for any normal communication for several weeks.

ANS has learned (from HL0ENJ) that satellite downlink telemetry shows one of KO-23's battery cells to be very unstable.

[ANS thanks Jim Weisenberger, AA7KC, and KyungHee Kim, HL0ENJ, for KO-23 status information]


Uplink 145.980 MHz FM
Downlink 436.500 MHz FM, 9600 Baud FSK

KO-25 is absorbing the additional traffic (due to the loss of KO-23) and is performing well under heavy usage with good downlink efficiency.

[ANS thanks Jim Weisenberger, AA7KC, for KO-25 status information]


Uplink 145.900 or 145.975 MHz FM
Downlink 435.120 MHz FM 9600 Baud FSK

Chris, G7UPN/ZL2TPO reported to the AMSAT-BB that the OBC186 flight software on UO-22 crashed and he has started the reload process. ANS has not received a recent UO-22 status report from the West Coast Packet Satellite Gateway (WSPG) or from the Worldwide Packet Network (WPN).

Update: NN0DJ received an update to the above UO-22 information just as ANS was 'going to press' - G7UPN reported the UO-22 reload has been completed and the satellite is operating normally again. Carol Byers, W9HGI, also reported the satellite is back to normal with the WSP gateway once again passing traffic via UO-22.

More information on the satellite is available at the following URL:

[ANS thanks Carol Byers, W9HGI, for the UO-22 satellite report. Chris Jackson, G7UPN /ZL2TPO, is the Operations Manager of UO-22]


Downlink 145.825 MHz FM, 1200 baud PSK
Beacon 2401.500 MHz

Clive, G3CWV, reports during the period of 17-February to 16-March 1999 good signals have been received from the 145.826 MHz beacon. The battery voltage has remained fairly constant, averaging 13.8 volts. Internal temperatures have remained fairly constant at 5.4C and 3.8C for battery and telemetry electronics respectively.

A single WOD survey dated 06-January-99 of solar array currents and array voltage has been transmitted. The WOD contains a characteristic musical tone which occurs when the constant data is captured during solar eclipses and then transmitted. The ASCII bulletin is currently a static message, detailing modes and frequencies of all the amateur radio satellites.

More information about OSCAR 11 can be found at the following URL:

Beacon reception reports should be sent to:

[ANS thanks Clive Wallis, G3CWV, for this information.]


Uplink 145.900, 145.920, 145.940, 145.860 MHz FM, 1200 bps Manchester FSK
Downlink 437.0513 MHz SSB, 1200 bps RC-BPSK 1200 Baud PSK
Beacon 2401.1428 MHz.)
Operating normally.

Telemetry is as follows:

Time is Fri Mar 26 22:40:49 1999 uptime is 1650/17:02:58
+10V Bus           10.400 V
+X (RX) Temp    -9.078 D  	RX Temp              4.839 D
Baseplt Temp      3.024 D  	PSK TX RF Out   -0.029 W
RC PSK TX Out   0.582 W  	RC PSK BP Temp  -5.448 D
RC PSK HPA Tmp  -1.817 D  	+Y Array Temp  -22.995 D
PSK TX HPA Tmp  -3.632 D  	+Z Array Temp  -14.524 D
Total Array C= 0.000 Bat Ch Cur=-0.376 Ifb= 0.161 I+10V= 0.236

Time is Sat Mar 27 10:52:51 1999 uptime is 1651/05:15:00
+10V Bus          11.150 V
+X (RX) Temp     9.075 D  	RX Temp         -1.817 D
Baseplt Temp      3.629 D  	PSK TX RF Out   -0.029 W
RC PSK TX Out  0.457 W  	RC PSK BP Temp   1.814 D
RC PSK HPA Tmp   3.629 D  	+Y Array Temp   -1.817 D
PSK TX HPA Tmp   1.814 D  	+Z Array Temp   20.572 D
Total Array C= 0.425 Bat Ch Cur= 0.046 Ifb= 0.045 I+10V= 0.275

General information and telemetry WOD files can be found at

A complete collection of WOD graphics corresponding to the year of 1998 can be found at

[ANS thanks Miguel A. Menendez, EA1BCU, for this report.]


Uplink 145.840, 145.860, 145.880, 145.900 MHz 1200 bps Manchester FSK
Downlink 437.125 MHz SSB, 1200 bps RC-BPSK
Currently semi-operational.

No BBS service -- both EA1BCU and NN0DJ/ANS have not received any updated information for several months. The digipeater is active.

Telemetry is as follows:

Time is Sat Mar 27 12:03:49 1999 uptime is 238/22:29:11
+X (RX) Temp    -0.991 D  	RX Temp         -0.991 D
Bat 1 Temp          1.252 D  	Bat 2 Temp       1.813 D
RC PSK TX Out    0.674 W
Total Array C= 0.316 Bat Ch Cur= 0.117 Ifb= 0.015 I+10V= 0.143
TX:017 BCR:88 PWRC:62D BT:3C WC: 0

General information and telemetry samples can be found at

[ANS thanks Miguel A. Menendez, EA1BCU, for this report.]


Uplink 145.925 MHz 9600 baud FSK
Downlink 436.925 MHz 9600 baud FSK

ProcMail V2.00G has been released by G7UPN. This software permits the processing of image files from TO-31. ProcMail V2.00G is available for downloading on KO-23 and KO-25. It also has been posted to the AMSAT-NA FTP site at the following URL:

[ANS thanks Chris Jackson, G7UPN/ZL2TPO, for this report]


Downlink frequency not established.
The satellite is not currently available for uplink transmissions.

PANSAT, developed by the Naval Postgraduate School, was launched from the shuttle Discovery. PANSAT spread-spectrum digital transponders will be available to amateur radio operators in the near future along with software to utilize this technology. The PO-34 command station is located in Monterey, California.

Dan Sakoda, KD6DRA, PANSAT Project Manager recommends 'The ARRL Spread Spectrum Sourcebook' as a good place to start in understanding the spread-spectrum scheme.

The PANSAT Team does not expect the satellite to be available to the Amateur Radio community for another few months.

For more information, visit the official PANSAT web site at:

[ANS thanks Dan Sakoda, KD6DRA, for this information]

SunSat SO-35

Downlink frequency not established.

The satellite is not currently available for uplink transmissions. At this time the command team is planning general amateur radio service in the near future.

SunSat was launched February 23, 1999 aboard a Delta II rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. SunSat stands for Stellenbosch University Satellite and takes it name from the South African university whose students constructed the payload.

The SunSat package includes 1200 and 9600 baud digital store-and-forward capability and a voice 'parrot' repeater system that will be used primarily for educational demonstrations. The satellite has two VHF and two UHF transmit-receive systems.

A successful Mode-J FM voice contact has been made via the new SunSat SO-35 satellite. Project Leader Garth Milne, ZR1AFH, and AMSAT-SA President Hans van de Groenendaal, ZS5AKV, recently completed the first-ever voice contact through the bird.

For more information on SunSat, visit the following URL:

[ANS thanks Garth Milne ZR1AFH, for this information]

The following satellites are in orbit but are non-operational at this time:


The 435 MHz beacon (only) is operational. Attempts to command the mode A transponder 'on' have been unsuccessful to date.

No additional information is available at this time.

DO-17 (DOVE)

Downlink 145.825 MHz FM, 1200 Baud AFSK
Beacon 2401.220 MHz

DOVE stopped transmitting in March 1998. The 145.825 MHz and 2401.220 MHz downlinks are off the air and the satellite has not responded to ground station control.

QSL cards for receiving DOVE (when the satellite is operating) may be obtained from:

Dianne White, N0IZO
45777 Rampart Road
Parker, Colorado 80138-4316

No additional information is available at this time.


Downlink 437.104 MHz SSB, 1200 Baud PSK AX.25

WO-18 is reported to be in MBL mode after a software crash.

No additional information is available at this time.


Uplink 145.875, 145.900, 145.925, 145.950 MHz FM
Downlink 435.822 MHz SSB, 1200 Baud PSK

Unknown status. ANS has not received any recent updates concerning the status of IO-26.

No additional information is available at this time.

TechSat-1B GO-32

Downlink 435.325, 435.225 MHz
HDLC telemetry framed so a TNC in KISS mode will decode it

Unknown status. ANS has not received any recent updates concerning the current status of GO-32.

The TechSat-1B micro-satellite was successfully launched from the Russian Baikonur Cosmodrome on July 10, 1998.

The satellite does not have a continuous beacon, but does transmit a 9600-baud burst every 30 seconds (for about 3 seconds in length), currently on 435.225 MHz.

The TechSat team has also constructed a home page about the TechSat bird. To view the site, point your web browser to:

No additional information is available at this time.


Downlink 437.910 MHz FM 9600 Baud FSK
The satellite is not currently available for uplink transmissions. Recovery efforts have been unsuccessful.

SEDSAT-1, signifying Students for the Exploration and Development of Space Satellite number one, was successfully launched and placed in orbit on Saturday, October 24, 1998.

SedSat was last reported to be performing as it has since launch, transmitting telemetry until the batteries are depleted -- going into safe mode -- and then repeating the process.

For more information on SedSat-1, including Version 1.2 of the SedSat ground station software -- visit the satellite web site at the following URL:

No additional information is available at this time.

[Please send any amateur satellite news or reports to the ANS Editors at, or to ANS Editor Dan James, NN0DJ, at]

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This week's AMSAT News Service bulletins were edited by AMSAT News Service Editor Dan James, NN0DJ,