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MILESTONE MARKED IN SPACE 1,000 DAYS OF HUMAN PRESENCE ON STATION



Submitted by Arthur - N1ORC

Allard Beutel
Headquarters, Washington                        July 28, 2003
(Phone: 202/358-4769)

Kylie Moritz
Johnson Space Center, Houston 	
(Phone: 281/483-5111)

RELEASE: 03-251

MILESTONE MARKED IN SPACE - 1,000 DAYS OF HUMAN PRESENCE ON 
STATION

     A milestone will be marked in space Tuesday, the 1,000th 
consecutive day of people living and working aboard the 
International Space Station. Seven crews have lived on the 
Space Station, as it has dramatically grown in size and 
capabilities.

Since the first crew arrived Nov. 2, 2000, the Station has 
grown into an unparalleled space laboratory whose size will 
eventually more than double. The living and working area has 
increased 6,000 cubic feet during the past 1,000 days. The 
Station's 15,000 cubic feet volume is larger than a three-
bedroom house.

The seven Expedition crews, 10 Americans and 10 Russians, 
have conducted 12 spacewalks from the Station, welcomed 11 
visiting Shuttles, 10 Russian Progress cargo vehicles and 
four Soyuz taxi crews. Additions to the Station include solar 
arrays of unprecedented size; the first space railway, 
stretching more than 130 feet; and a science facility, more 
sophisticated than any ever previously flown in space, the 
U.S. Destiny Lab. Canada provided a new generation of space 
robotics with the unmatched capabilities of the Canadarm2. 
Dual Russian and U.S. airlocks are functional and support 
spacewalks.

The Expedition 7 crew aboard the Station, Commander Yuri 
Malenchenko and NASA International Space Station Science 
Officer Ed Lu, will commemorate the 1,000th day of continuous 
human presence Tuesday at 10:35 a.m. EDT on NASA TV. NASA TV 
is broadcast on AMC-9, transponder 9C, C-Band, located at 85 
degrees west longitude. The frequency is 3880.0 MHz. 
Polarization is vertical and audio is monaural at 6.80 MHz.

Inside the orbiting complex, crews have created a home, as 
well as a laboratory with quarters, galley, and weightless 
"weight room" along side seven research facilities.

Aboard the Station, research has been conducted in 
bioastronautics, physical sciences, fundamental space 
biology, space product development and space flight 
disciplines. Experiments conducted by Station crews may 
provide insight that could lead to improved crops, better 
braking systems, advanced spacecraft materials and petroleum 
industry advancements. Space Station research also provides 
crucial insight into the effects of weightlessness on humans, 
paving the way for future human space exploration, as well as 
fundamental research in cell growth and fluid physics.

Astronaut Peggy Whitson, the first NASA International Space 
Station Science Officer named last year during Expedition 5, 
helped intensify the focus on research. Today, Lu continues 
research inside the Destiny Lab. He recently installed a new 
experiment in the Microgravity Science Glovebox that studies 
a reduction in the strength of metals, such as those used in 
turbine blades and dental fillings.

The Expedition 7 crew also maintains the Earth Knowledge 
Acquired by Middle Schools (EarthKAM) project that involves 
middle school students from around the world. Through the 
optical quality window in the Destiny Lab, students have 
taken more than 6,000 photos of Earth via EarthKam to support 
classes in Earth science, geography, social studies, 
mathematics and art.

During the next 1,000 days, Station science operations will 
increase. The assembly of essential U.S. Station components 
is expected to continue followed by the installation of 
international laboratories that will triple the size of 
research facilities. The European Columbus Laboratory will 
expand the Station's size to that of a five-bedroom house. A 
European Automated Transfer Vehicle will serve as an 
additional spacecraft for transporting supplies to the 
Station. The "Kibo" Japanese Experiment Module will be added 
to further increase the Station's science capabilities. 

For information about NASA, human space flight, astronauts, 
and the International Space Station on the Internet, visit:

http://www.nasa.gov





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