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Sputnik status Dec 10, 1998





Mir Amateur Radio Status:  Dec 10, 1998

30 Days and still Running

by Miles Mann WF1F,
MAREX-NA (Manned Amateur Radio Experiment, North American Division)

SPOUTNIK 41 or RS-18
Sputnik has been running for 30 days. There are only a few more days/weeks
left
to listen for Sputnik RS-18.
Sputnik was launched on the evening of November 10, 1998 from the Russian
Space
Station Mir.  The new Sputnik can be heard on 145.815 (Adjust for Doppler).
Listen closely and you will hear the three messages, repeated in three
different languages, French, English and Russian.

Anyone with a simple 2-meter receiver or scanner should be able to hear the
voice recordings
being played by Sputnik.

The Sputnik satellite is running on batteries only, there are no solar
panels.  The estimated battery life is approximately 30 days.  Which means
that some time in the next 1-3 weeks the
Sputnik satellite will shutdown and go to sleep.  Time is running out if
you want to hear the little
satellite that could.  The brother of RS-18 called RS-17 and had a similar
battery configuration which lasted for approximately 6 weeks.  It is
difficult to calculate the exact end time for RS-18.

Note to Schools:
Sputnik is now coming in range of the USA in the late mornings for several
passes.
Most parts of the USA will have 4-7 chances per day to hear the Sputnik
RS-18 satellite.
Many of these passes will be taking place during School Hours.  Teachers
should try to
set up a listening station at their schools and try to hear the signals
from Sputnik during
class.  Good Luck, and don

ít forget to send away for your SWL cards.

Listening for Sputnik:
Sputnik is operating on the frequency 145.815.
Sputnik is operating on 145.815 FM. Of course the frequency will appear to
drift due to normal Doppler effects.

Because of the Doppler shift, the signal may appear anywhere between
145.811 - 145.818
(I rounded a little).  When Sputnik first comes in range for its 10 minute
pass, the initial frequency plus
Doppler will be approximately 145.818 (145.815 TX freq., plus 3.5k Doppler
shift).
When Sputnik is directly over head, the frequency will be approximately
145.815
Then as Sputnik passes away and nears the horizon, the frequency will be
approximately 145.812 (145.815, minus Doppler 3.5k).
If you have an FM receiver which can tune only in 5k Channels, try to
listen for Sputnik on 145.820 at the beginning of the pass, then step down
to 145.815 and 145.810 towards the end of the pass. Sputnik can be heard
with most receivers, FM, CW or SSB.

Signal Quality:
The Signal quality from Sputnik has been very good.  Even stations with
small antennas
have reported good signal and clear audio.
After you compensate for Doppler, the Audio is clear and crisp.
I was able to get at least S4 Signal readings with a Zero Gain antenna,
while the satellite
was 800 miles away.
Typical Receiving Station:
Receiver: 2-Meter HT or Mobile Radio, with the following channels
programmed
     145.810, 145.815 and 145.820
Antenna:  Most common zero gain antennas such an Omni-directional Ringo
Ranger
Coax:     RG-8 (less than 50 feet of coax)
Many stations  have reported hearing signals from Sputnik with less complex
systems.

There are several other satellites which share this part of the 2-meter
band. One of the satellites you my also hear with a simple FM radio, is
A0-17-Dove.
This satellite transmits normal AX.25 FM Packet on 145.825.

For more information about this project, please check out the Amsat-France
Web page and
follow the links to the Sputnik
http://www.ccr.jussieu.fr/physio/f6bvp/

The 200 mw beacon can be heard in either FM, CW or SSB modes.
Give it a try and if you hear the Beep Beep Beep  or Recorded voices of the
Sputnik
satellite, you can send away for a special Short Wave Listener SQL card.

Please use one of the following QSL managers and follow the directions for
that Manager
and included the following information:
Return Name and Address, country
Date and time you heard RS-18 (use the UTC time and date)
Signal report (Best guess)
Radio Station and Antenna (optional)

************************************************
This address is for the SWL cards for the Sputnik-41 Amsat-France project.

AMSAT-F
QSL manager RS18
14 bis rue des Gourlis
92 500 Rueil-Malmaison
 France

Send an ETSA + 1 IRC.
or
Self Address Envelope, plus an IRC coupon.  Envelope size should be at
least 10.5 x 15 cm.

************************************************

All Mir contacts, including SWL, Two-way voice or Packet connections
(R0MIR),
and including the new Sputnik Satellite RS-18 / Sputnik 41

Envelopes should be well sealed and do not include cash.
Send a SAE (Self Addressed Envelope ) and one or two IRC coupons
(which can be purchased at major US post offices).
Do not make any notes on the out side of the envelope with Amateur Radio
Call signs visible.

QSL Information for SWL (Short Wave Listener)
Sergej Samburov
PO Box 73
Korolev-10 City
Moscow Area, 141070, Russia

************************************************

For Two-way contacts with Mir ONLY.  Just for the call sign R0MIR and
R0MIR-1
No SWL (Short Wave Listener) cards will be issued at this address.

Dr. Dave Larsen - N6CO/K6MIR
PO Box 311
Pine Grove, California
95665
USA

Please include a SASE (Business Size Envelope) and two IRCís  for
international. If you are sending an IRC, Please make sure it is dated
1998, as the post office won't accept IRC's dated over 1 year old.
Make sure the cancel stamp is in the right place on the IRC.
"Green Stamps" (USA ONLY) are appreciated for covering additional costs.

Note: Dave Larsen MIREX / N6CO is not handling SWL cards for Sputnik,
please use the other addresses

*****************


Mir Crew Members:
The current crew consists of:

Current Crew
SOYUZ TM-28 arrived at Mir on August 16. Mir Soyuz TM-28 crew consisted of
Sergei Avdeyev, Gennadiy Padalko and Yuri Baturin.  (Sergei and Gennadiy
both received training on the MAREX-NA SSTV system in Star City).

Web Page information:
For information about the MAREX-NA SSTV project, check the web page at:

http://www.geocities.com/CapeCanaveral/Hangar/7355/sstv_proj.htm

For general information about some of the Mir Projects, check the web page
at

     http://www.ik1sld.org/mirex.htm  OR
     or
     http://www.geocities.com/CapeCanaveral/Lab/3431/mirex.htm

Tracking Mir and Sputnik

The best way to track satellites is to get access to a good satellite
tracking program.
There are numerous programs on the market, both for sale and share ware.

The best place for current satellite position date (Kepí) data is at the
CelesTrak web page http://celestrak.com/

MIR
1 16609U 86017A   98343.54071417  .00026740  00000-0  19950-3 0   256
2 16609  51.6586 234.6337 0007606  68.4413 291.7671 15.72512328731570
KVANT 1
1 17845U 87030A   98342.84167815  .00016719  00000-0  12686-3 0  6132
2 17845  51.6594 238.2144 0007472  65.6268 294.6890 15.72465060665577
KVANT 2
1 20335U 89093A   98342.84167815  .00016719  00000-0  12686-3 0  4386
2 20335  51.6594 238.2144 0007472  65.6268 294.6890 15.72465060514589
KRISTALL
1 20635U 90048A   98342.84167815  .00016719  00000-0  12686-3 0  2301
2 20635  51.6594 238.2144 0007472  65.6268 294.6890 15.72465060485411
SPEKTR
1 23579U 95024A   98342.84167815  .00016719  00000-0  12686-3 0  1949
2 23579  51.6594 238.2144 0007472  65.6268 294.6890 15.72465060202890
PRIRODA
1 23848U 96023A   98342.84167815  .00016719  00000-0  12686-3 0  8765
2 23848  51.6594 238.2144 0007472  65.6268 294.6890 15.72465060149989
SOYUZ TM-28
1 25429U 98047A   98342.84167815  .00016719  00000-0  12686-3 0  1279
2 25429  51.6594 238.2144 0007472  65.6268 294.6890 15.72465060 18453
PROGRESS M-40
1 25512U 98062A   98342.84167815  .00016719  00000-0  12686-3 0   548
2 25512  51.6594 238.2144 0007472  65.6268 294.6890 15.72465060  7038

Copyright 1998 Miles Mann, All Rights Reserved.  This document may be
freely distributed via the following means - Email (including listservers),
Usenet, and WorldWideWeb.  It may not be reproduced for profit including,
but not limited to, CD ROMs, books, and/or other commercial outlets without
prior written consent from the author.


Miles WF1F



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