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Sputnik Status Nov 16, 98

Mir Amateur Radio Status:  Nov 16, 1998


by Miles Mann WF1F,
MAREX-NA (Manned Amateur Radio Experiment, North American Division)

SPOUTNIK 41 or RS-18
Sputnik is on the Air.
Sputnik was launched on the evening of November 10, 1998 from the Russian
Station Mir.  The new Sputnik can be heard on 145.815 (Adjust for Doppler).
Listen closely and you will hear the three messages, repeated in three
different languages, French, English and Russian.

Sputniks Position in relation to Mir:
I still do not have an official set of Keps for Sputnik RS-18.  However I
do have the data
from last years Sputnik RS-17 Launch.  On November 3, 1997 RS-17 was hand
from the
Mir Space Station.  The satellite was tossed down wind of Mirs orbit.
The small satellite then took up a position 2 kilometers above Mir and
2 minutes behind Mirs calculated orbit position.

We can assume from last years information, that Sputnik RS-18 will be in a
similar orbit as
Mir and will slowly drift further and further away from Mir.  The Russian
Space Station Mir

position is controlled by Gyros and rocket Thrusters firing to assist in
maintaining position and Atmospheric drag.  The Sputnik is just controlled
by Atmospheric drag.  The rate of change between the two objects will not
be constant.

Until we can get official Keps for Sputnik RS-18, we will have to use the
Mir Keps.  Just plan on the Sputnik orbit  being 1 to 2 minutes later than

Sputnik 40 / RS-17 (From November 1997)
Sputnik is flying approximately 2km higher than the Russian Space Station
And Sputnik is now 2 Minutes behind Mir (Based on Keps from Nov 4 at 17:30
(Your actual mileage may vary)

Altitude 1997
               Sputnik        Mir
Perigee           383         381
Apogee           391          390

Mir Current Position  Nov 13 12:47 UTC 1998
Note:  Mirís current orbit is 30 kilometers lower than it was last year at
this time.

Orbital Period:    91.652 minutes
Perigee Height:    350.2 km
Apogee Height:    361.0 km

1 16609U 86017A   98317.53312337  .00128431  00000-0  10002-2 0  9511
2 16609  51.6612   7.6442 0008014 325.3023  34.7647 15.70772435727489

Home made keps for Sputnik.
1 99999U 86017A   98317.53312337  .00128431  00000-0  10002-2 0  9511
2 99999  51.6612   7.6442 0008014 325.3023  34.7647 15.70772435727489

Listening for Sputnik:
Sputnik is operating on the frequency 145.815.
Earlier I passed on a different frequency, but after analyzing todayís
Sputnik pass and compensating for Doppler, the frequency appears to be on
145.815 FM.  Of course
the frequency will appear to drift due to normal Doppler effects.

Because of Doppler shift, the signal may appear anywhere between 145.811 -
(I rounded a little).  When Sputnik first comes in range for its 10 minute
pass, the initial frequency plus
Doppler will be approximately 145.818 (145.815 TX freq., plus 3.5k Doppler
When Sputnik is directly over head, the frequency will be approximately
Then as Sputnik passes away and nears the horizon, the frequency will be
approximately 145.812 (145.815, minus Doppler 3.5k).
If you have an FM receiver which can tune only in 5k Channels, try to
listen for Sputnik on 145.820 at the beginning of the pass, then step down
to 145.815 and 145.810 towards the end of the pass. Sputnik can be heard
with most receivers, FM, CW or SSB.

Signal Quality:
The Audio Sounded Great.  After you compensate for Doppler, the Audio is
clear and crisp.
I was able to get at least S4 Signal readings with a Zero Gain antenna,
while the satellite
was 800 miles away.  You should try to listen for the full 10 minute pass.
There is a short pause
between each voice message.  If you just listen for 30 seconds you may not
hear a signal
and assume its not  there, when is just one of the pauses.

For more information about this project, please check out the Amsat-France
Web page and
follow the links to the Sputnik

The 200 mw beacon can be heard in either FM, CW or SSB modes.
Give it a try and if you hear the Beep Beep Beep  or Recorded voices of the
satellite, you can send away for a special Short Wave Listener SQL card.

The Sputnik RS-18 project is only expected to have enough battery power for
30 days of operation. There are no solar panels to recharge the batteries.
You should try to monitor sputnik soon and then send in for your SWL cards.
Last year, there were over 700 SWL cards received for RS-17.

Please use one of the following QSL managers and follow the directions for
that Manager
and included the following information:
Return Name and Address, country
Date and time you heard RS-18 (use the UTC time and date)
Signal report (Best guess)
Radio Station and Antenna (optional)

This address is for the SWL cards for the Sputnik-41 Amsat-France project.

QSL manager RS18
14 bis rue des Gourlis
92 500 Rueil-Malmaison

Send an ETSA + 1 IRC.
Self Address Envelope, plus an IRC coupon


All Mir contacts, including SWL, Two-way voice or Packet connections
and including the new Sputnik Satellite RS-18 / Sputnik 41

Envelopes should be well sealed and do not include cash.
Send a SAE (Self Addressed Envelope ) and one or two IRC coupons
(which can be purchased at major US post offices).
Do not make any notes on the out side of the envelope with Amateur Radio
Call signs visible.

QSL Information for SWL (Short Wave Listener)
Sergej Samburov
PO Box 73
Korolev-10 City
Moscow Area, 141070, Russia


For Two-way contacts with Mir ONLY.  Just for the call sign R0MIR and
No SWL (Short Wave Listener) cards will be issued at this address.

Dr. Dave Larsen - N6CO/K6MIR
PO Box 311
Pine Grove, California

Please include a SASE (Business Size Envelope) and two IRCís > for
international. If you are sending an IRC, Please make sure it is dated
1998, as the post office won't accept IRC's dated over 1 year old.
Make sure the cancel stamp is in the right place on the IRC.
"Green Stamps" (USA ONLY) are appreciated for covering additional costs.

Note: Dave Larsen MIREX / N6CO is not handling SWL cards for Sputnik,
please use the other addresses


Mir Crew Members:
The current crew consists of:

Current Crew
SOYUZ TM-28 arrived at Mir on August 16. Mir Soyuz TM-28 crew consisted of
Sergei Avdeyev, Gennadiy Padalko and Yuri Baturin.  (Sergei and Gennadiy
both received training on the MAREX-NA SSTV system in Star City).

Web Page information:
For information about the MAREX-NA SSTV project, check the web page at:


For general information about some of the Mir Projects, check the web page

     http://www.ik1sld.org/mirex.htm  OR

Tracking Mir and Sputnik

The best way to track Mir and Sputnik is to get access to a good satellite
tracking program.  There are numerous programs on the market, both for sale
and share ware.

The orbit if Mir is constantly changing a little each week.  If you want to
know exactly where Mir located, you should be updating you tracking data
Kep files weekly.
The best place for current Kep data is at the CelesTrak web page

Copyright 1998 Miles Mann, All Rights Reserved.  This document may be
freely distributed via the following means - Email (including listservers),
Usenet, and WorldWideWeb.  It may not be reproduced for profit including,
but not limited to, CD ROMs, books, and/or other commercial outlets without
prior written consent from the author.

Miles WF1F