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Mir Sputnik Status Nov 9, 1998

10 Years of Amateur Radio activity from the Russian Space Station Mir.
by Miles Mann WF1F
November 9, 1998

Today I received a FAX from the Chief of Cosmonaut Amateur Radio Department
Energia Russia.
In the FAX he thanks the many people for supporting Mir Amateur Satellite
projects over the past 10 years.
He also mentions the upcoming launching of the Sputnik RS-18 / Sputnik-41
satellite launch on
November 11, 1998.

Fax Contents:
>From Sergej Samburov:

On November 6, 1988 Amateur radio transmitting and receiving equipment
first in  history of astronatics started functioning on board MIR Russian
Space orbital station.
Within the past decade more than 60 cosmonauts and astronauts have made
thousands of radio contacts with radio amateur of the Earth.
     A mockup of the first artificial Earth satellite (SPUTNIK-1) a radio
Amateur satellite (RS-18) is scheduled to be launched from [Orbital
Station] OS MIR on November 11, 1998.  The radio amateurs are requested to
receive the voice messages on frequency 145.815 MHz.
     Many thanks to those, who promoted and participated in amateur radio
communications with MIR OS.

The memo is signed by
Sergej Samburov RV3DR
and several other names

Sputnik RS-18 / SPOUTNIK 41
Sputnik or Spoutnik is tentatively planned to be hand launched the morning
of November 11, from the Russian Space Station Mir.
Anyone with a simple 2-meter receiver or scanner should be able to hear the
voice recordings being played by Sputnik.
Notes:  The launch time is tentative, based on the crews work load.  The
EVA is currently
scheduled to start around November 10 at 2200 UTC and end at 0200 - 0400
Stations in Europe will be able to hear the Satellite first.
North America may be able to hear the satellite
beginning at 11:30 P.M. EDT. (0430 UTC) on Tuesday evening.

Listening for Sputnik:
Sputnik is operating on the frequency 145.812.
Because of Doppler shift, the signal may appear anywhere between 145.808 -
(I rounded a little).  When Sputnik first comes in range for its 10 minute
pass, the initial frequency plus
Doppler will be approximately 145.816 (145.812.5 TX freq., plus 3.5k
Doppler shift).
When Sputnik is directly over head, the frequency will be approximately
Then as Sputnik passes away and nears the horizon, the frequency will be
approximately 145.809 (145.812.5, minus Doppler 3.5k).
If you have an FM receiver which can tune only in 5k Channels, try to
listen for Sputnik on 145.815 at the beginning of the pass, then step down
to 145.810 and 145.805 towards the end of the pass. Sputnik can be heard
with most receivers, FM, CW or SSB.

There are several other satellites which share this part of the 2-meter
band. One of the satellites you my also hear with a simple FM radio, is
This satellite transmits normal AX.25 FM Packet on 145.825.

For more information about this project, please check out the Amsat-France
Web page and
follow the links to the Sputnik

The 200 mw beacon can be heard in either FM, CW or SSB modes.
Give it a try and if you hear the Beep Beep Beep of the Sputnik
satellite, you can send away for a special Short Wave Listener SQL card.

Please use one of the following QSL managers and follow the directions for
that Manager.


All Mir contacts, SWL, Two-way voice or Packet connections (R0MIR),
the new Sputnik Satellite RS-18 / Sputnik 41

Envelopes should be well sealed and do not include cash.
Send a SAE (Self Addressed Envelope ) and one or two IRC coupons
(which can be purchased at major US post offices).
Do not make any notes on the out side of the envelope with Amateur Radio
Call signs visible.

QSL Information for SWL (Short Wave Listener)
Sergej Samburov
PO Box 73
Korolev-10 City
Moscow Area, 141070, Russia


For Two-way contacts with Mir ONLY.  Just for the call sign R0MIR and
No SWL (Short Wave Listener) cards will be issued at this address.

Dr. Dave Larsen - N6CO/K6MIR
 PO Box 311
 Pine Grove, California

Please include a SASE (Business Size Envelope) and one IRC > for
If you are sending a IRC , PLES Make sure it is dated 1998 , as my post
office will not accept IRC dated over 1 yr. old.
The QSL Mgr. [ N6CO ] has told indicated that over that last 3 months over
500 QSL cards have been sent out and would like to Thank
EVERYONE that sent "Green stamps" along with their cards.
Note: Dave Larsen MIREX / N6CO is not handling SWL cards for Sputnik,
please use the other addresses

Note:  There may be a special QSL address for Sputnik posted next week.



November 6, 1998 marks the 10 year anniversary of Amateur Radio activity
from the
Russian Space Station Mir.  It all began 10 years ago, when Mir flight
engineer Musa Khiramanovich Manarov U2MIR
made the first  two way 2-meter contact from the Russian Space Station Mir
to Leo Labukin UA3CR.
At the time of the contact, Leo Labutin, was visiting the Amsat convention
in Washington DC.
That first contact ushered in a whole new chapter in accessible Amateur
Radio satellite access.

Since that date 10 years ago, a lot has changed.  The Mir station has grown
from 2 modules to 6 modules.
The station has been visited by over 60 long time crew members and another
50+ short term visitors.  And it is sad to say, but we may be retiring the
Mir space station in late 1999, after over 13 years of service.

The Amateur Radio equipment on Mir has also been upgraded several times.
The SAFEX club in Germany, provided most of the initial equipment to the
Energia MAREX-RU Cosmonaut Amateur Radio Department.  Sergej Samburov the
chief of the  department, is owned a lot of credit for making Amateur Radio
Satellite access simple and affordable.  And for getting all of the
projects on Mir.

The MIREX and MAREX-NA clubs then took over the daily support activities
and continued to upgrade the equipment.  Over the past 8 years we have been
able to keep the Mir Personal Message System (PMS) on line and active for
over 90% of the time.  The MAREX-NA team has recently delivered their third
project to Mir the new Slow Scan TV system (Scheduled for activation in
December 98).

The Mir PMS has done what no other satellite has done before.  It made
Amateur Radio Satellite Access  simple and affordable.  Now for the first
time, people with a HT and zero gain antenna could talk to an Astronaut or
a Cosmonaut in space.
The packet mail system was kept simple.  Everyone could afford a $99.00 TNC
and a low power radio
needed to access the PMS mail box on Mir.
The down link signal from the Mir Space Station was over 45 watts.  This
made it the most powerful Amateur Radio Satellite ever flown.
(Note: some satellites have more powerful transponders, but the power is
dissipated across a 120k+ band)

The Results of the Mir Amateur Radio experiment have exceed all
expectations.  Thousands of new Amateur Radio Satellite fans are logging
into their first satellite each year, and that satellite is the Mir
Personal Message System.  Over the past 8 months the Mir PMS has been
handling over a 1000 message a month to the Mir crew.
On many occasions, the Mir PMS has been used to pass critical information
to the Mir crew.  And has been used to make Telephone-patches between the
crew members and their families.  The list of uses of the Mir PMS would
take too long to list at this time.

It is impossible to count how many people have logged into the PMS or
talked to the Mir crew members over the past 10 years, but it is safe to
say that the Mir Amateur Radio experiment is the Most Popular Amateur Radio
Satellite in the world.  And  the Mir Amateur Radio experiment has probably
had more users than All Amateur Radio Satellites combined.

I would like to thank all of the people responsible for helping the Mir
Amateur Radio experiment be a success including:

Musa Khiramanovich Manarov U2MIR
Leo Labukin UA3CR.
Sergej Samburov RV3DR
and all of the Mir Amateur Radio supporters.

The Future:
The MAREX-NA team is actively working to Keep Amateur Radio Satellite
Access affordable.
With your support we can make the International Space Station (Alpha) just
as successful as the
Mir Amateur Radio Experiments.

Ahead warp factor 7


Web Page information

For information about the MAREX-NA SSTV project, check the web page at:


For general information about some of the Mir Projects, check the web page

     http://www.ik1sld.org/mirex.htm  OR

Copyright 1998 Miles Mann, All Rights Reserved.  This document may be
freely distributed via the following means - Email (including listservers),
Usenet, and WorldWideWeb.  It may not be reproduced for profit including,
but not limited to, CD ROMs, books, and/or other commercial outlets without
prior written consent from the author.

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