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Re: what is QRP



Hey everyone, 

During my longest period of on-air activity (i.e., spring 1983 to early 1992), I really enjoyed CW QRP work. During that time - and since getting back on the air pretty much full time - I have used the 5-watt CW/10-watt PEP benchmark that Nigel mentions here. 

Without access to the kind of sophisticated instrumentation Jim refers to in his original post, I take the compromise step of getting fairly close by using the utilities on these sites:

http://www.ocarc.ca/coax.htm

http://www.csgnetwork.com/antennaecalc.html

The former provides an estimate of the line loss I experience given any setup I try, and the latter then provides me with an estimate of ERP/EIRP with that setup.

All of that being said, and accepting the results of the calculators on the sites listed above, it appearws I can achieve unambiguous QRP (i.e., less than 5 watts CW/10watts PEP rf out AND less than 5 watts CW/10watts PEP ERP/EIRP) here. I haven't made a contact yet on any of the CW/SSB satellites at that power level - but only because nobody answered my CW CQs on VO-52 the other day - the only time and satellite I've tried so far using very low power. I have plenty of contacts on AO-51, AO-27, SO-50 and a couple via the ISS repeater at inarguably QRP power levels. 

73 to all,

Tim - N3TL
-------------- Original message from Nigel Gunn G8IFF/W8IFF <nigel@ngunn.net>: -------------- 


> QRP is not generally based on ERP. 
> It's usually taken to be 10W PEP SSB or 5W carrier power max for other modes. 
> 
> I think QRP on sats used to be considered to be less than 10W ERP. 
> It's not difficult to estimate feeder loss and antenna gain. 
> 
> 
> Jim Danehy wrote: > QRP is a measure of the transmitter output . . . on a practical basis how would an operator accurately measure the ERP if you were using ERP (effective radiated power) as a QRP benchmark . . . you would need instrumentation to measure the feedline losses and sophisticated instrumentation to measure the gain of an antenna . . . most of that type of instrumentation is beyond the average amateur radio operator . . . . but most do have access or use of a watt meter . . . . thus the simple way of calculating QRP . . . ERP is used primarily 
> in satellite operations because it affects the transponders (not FM repeaters) 
> > > I have had several private emails in response to my comments about QRP . . . I 
> have seen folks operate the CQ WW CW contest in the QRP category with stacked 
> beams or monoband beams . . . . I have never seen a definition of QRP that went 
> into ERP . . . . they just use the transmitter output with all of the 
> ambiguities that brings . . . have fun 
> > 
> > Jim W9VNE 
> > _______________________________________________ 
> > Sent via AMSAT-BB@amsat.org. Opinions expressed are those of the author. 
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> 
> 
> -- 
> <><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><> 
> Nigel A. Gunn. G8IFF W8IFF (have also held KC8NHF, M0NHF, 9H3GN) 
> 1865 El Camino Drive, Xenia, OH 45385-1115, USA 937 825 5032 
> e-mail nigel@ngunn.net www http://www.ngunn.net 
> Member of ARRL, GQRP #11396, QRPARCI #11644, SOC #548, Flying Pig #385, 
> Dayton ARA #2128, AMSAT-NA LM-1691, AMSAT-UK, MKARS, ALC 
> <><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><><> 
> _______________________________________________ 
> Sent via AMSAT-BB@amsat.org. Opinions expressed are those of the author. 
> Not an AMSAT-NA member? Join now to support the amateur satellite program! 
> Subscription settings: http://amsat.org/mailman/listinfo/amsat-bb 
_______________________________________________
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