# Re: Have Distortion Problems-Can't Work FO-29

• Subject: Re: [amsat-bb] Have Distortion Problems-Can't Work FO-29
• From: "i8cvs" <domenico.i8cvs@xxxxxx>
• Date: Wed, 6 Jul 2005 15:12:39 +0200

```Hi Greg, KO6TH

The 3rd harmonic of an FO-29 uplink fall between 146.000 x 3=438.000 MHz
and 145.900 x 3 = 437.700 MHz  wich is about 2 MHz far away from the
downlink between 435.800 and 435.900 MHz and so it is difficult
to confuse the 3rd harmonic with the real translated satellite signal.
However the 3rd harmonic can be very strong causing gain compression
of the 70 cm receiver or intermodulation products wich can appear as ghost
signals in to the downlink particularly when more than one signal is present
in to the passband.
At first make a check without FO-29 in range and while transmitting LSB
between 145.900 to 146.000 MHz tune the RX between 437.700 and
438.000 MHz with the intent to find the presence of the 3rd harmonic.
Since the generation of 3rd harmonic is by multiplication and not conversion
you realize that moving 100 kHz in 2 meters you have moved 300 kHz
with the 3rd harmonic in 70 cm
In addition you are transmitting LSB in 2 meters with a 3 kHz BW and by
multiplication x 3 the 3rd harmonic is still LSB but about 10 kHz wide and
with a lot of distortion because of the above mentioned reason all added
togheter.
Having verified the existence of the above 3rd harmonic wich is normal now
the uplink and verify if you spot some ghost signal produced by your self.
If the downlink is clear set your 2 meters TX in LSB and your 70 cm RX in
USB for normal traffic with FO-29
Waiting for the next pass of the bird you have the time to make a QSO in
SSB with a local friend and ask to him to check if the modulation of your TX
is clear or distorted.
If your LSB modulation is locally clear than you have a chance to be
succesful via FO-29 but a final test is necessary when the satellite is in
range with a numbar of users because in this situation your hown translated
signal can intermodulate with the others in to the passband and can generate
noise like spits while you speak particularly if the IP3 of your RX is
low,the gain in front of your mixer is excessive and the signals in to the
passband are strong.
If this is the case than the spits desappear as you move the antenna from
the satellite or after the satellite LOS
More simply KD8SY was probably hearing himself distorted because he was

73" de

i8CVS Domenico

----- Original Message -----
From: "Greg D." <ko6th_greg@hotmail.com>
To: <halpress@cinci.rr.com>; <amsat-bb@amsat.org>
Sent: Wednesday, July 06, 2005 6:40 AM
Subject: RE: [amsat-bb] Have Distortion Problems-Can't Work FO-29

> Hi Hal,
>
> Are you sure that what you are hearing is yourself going through the
> satellite?  Since the 3rd harmonic of an FO-29 uplink is near where the
> downlink can be, it is easy to confuse your harmonic with the real
satellite
> signal.  Try searching around the satellite downlink band a bit wider, and
I
> bet you will find yourself again, only clearer (and with a present doppler
> shift!).  I've been fooled more than once on this, but with a little
> practice it becomes easy to spot the ghost signal.
>
> Hope to hear you on the bird,
>
> Greg  KO6TH
>
>
>
> ----Original Message Follows----
> From: "Hal Pressman" <halpress@cinci.rr.com>
> To: <amsat-bb@amsat.org>
> Subject: [amsat-bb] Have Distortion Problems-Can't Work FO-29
> Date: Mon, 4 Jul 2005 21:46:19 -0400
>
> The following message was sent a couple of days ago but since I have not
as
> yet seen it appear on any digests since then I am reposting it.
> Hello Fellow Amsaters,
> I can hear ok on FO-29 but when I try to make a contact no one responds. I
> think the reason is my uplink signal is seriously distorted based on
> recordings I have made with a freestanding receiver. This ONLY occurs in
SSB
> mode. On the FM satellites, i.e.AO-51, everything is OK. I am using a
Yaesu
> 817 for my transceiver with a 2 M amp  However the distortion occurs with
or
> without the amp. My antenna is a Qhtenna which consists of 2 turnstile
> antennas (2M and 70CM)  made of PVC and mounted end to end on the ground
> about 25 ft from my shack. I am also using an AR2 70CM preamp and a
> diplexler mounted at the base of my antennas. I also use SAT PC-32 but the
> problem occurs whether or not I use the software. I would love to make my
> first contact on FO-29. Can anyone help me do it?
>
>
> Hal
> KD8SY ----
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> ----
> Sent via amsat-bb@amsat.org. Opinions expressed are those of the author.
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----
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```

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