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*Subject*: [amsat-bb] Re: phase shift with coax*From*: "MediaOne" <Leescott@xxxxxxxxxxxx>*Date*: Wed, 11 Jul 2001 11:03:26 -0400

Domenicl (i8cvs) wrote: > If the impedance of each antenna is 50 ohm and if i use two 50 ohm > feedlines of any lenght but one 1/4 wavelenght longer than the other > i get only the phase shift for circular polarization but not the > impedance matching. You almost have it right. What you need to do is use one line that is 1/8 wavelength long connected to one antenna, and the other line is 3/8 wavelength long connected to the other antenna. The difference in length, 1/4 wavelength, gives the 90 degree delay you need. Both lines need to be RG-62, which is a coax with Zo=93 ohms. Now parallel both free ends of the two coax cables for a direct connection to a 50 ohm coax. For a Zantenna = 50 ohms and a 1/8 wave lenght of Zo = 93 ohms coax the impedance at the open end will be Zinput = 77.576 + j * 51.292 ohms. For a Zantenna = 50 ohms and a 3/8 wavelength of Zo = 93 ohms coax the impedance at the open end will be Zinput = 77.576 - j * 51.292 ohms. When both cables are paralleled the impedance is Zparallel = 55.745 + j * 0.0 ohms. The SWR calculates out to be 1.115 to 1. Not a bad match! If the cable lengths prove to be too short you can try short-cable = (1/8 + N * 1/2) wavelengths long. The other one would be long-cable = (3/8 + N * 1/2) wavelengths long. The factor "N" must an integer and most be the same for both formulas above. As you know adding a 1/2 wavelength of line does not change the impedance so you can use the above idea to get the line lengths you need so you can physically connect everything up. I have used this method to build a 2m turnstile antenna which matches just fine, so I know it works. The other nice "feature" about this matching method is the antenna impedance can be anywhere from about 35 ohms to about 265 ohms, while the SWR will never be above 1.5 to 1 on a 50 ohm system. The above method is also documented at http://www.cebik.com/turns.html . The ideal antenna impedance for a perfect 1 to 1 SWR match is 63 ohms by the way. Leland C. Scott KC8LDO ---- Via the amsat-bb mailing list at AMSAT.ORG courtesy of AMSAT-NA. To unsubscribe, send "unsubscribe amsat-bb" to Majordomo@amsat.org

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