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Re: Antenna Restrictions in Texas and in Cape Town

Hi Dave

It seems you may have missed my devious point.

Of course my tower is a mast and thus illegal under our bylaws.  However,
by feeding the tower at the base, the whole structure with the beam on top
becomes a vertical antenna.  And this vertical antenna stands on the
ground.  I now say to the authorities that this structure is a 1,8MHz
antenna that is mounted directly on the ground and I do not need a mast to
hold it in the air.

I showed the authorities quarter wave antennas for 440, 144, 14 and 28MHz,
and then explained that the tower is exactly the same thing, but it
operates on 1,8MHz.  I also showed them the 14MHz quarter wave mounted on
the ground and it was only 16 feet tall and it is the same situation as the
1,8MHz tower.  Same antenna, different frequency.

The city council cannot dispute my low band vertical antenna, since the
bylaw only prohibits a "radio mast" bigger than a certain size, it does not
prohibit a "radio antenna" of any size.

The city council would have a hard time in future to try and regulate a
specific antenna or any antenna, because our Bill of Rights would recognise
my right to erect an antenna to make my radio work.  It would take years
for such legislation to see the light and there are more important laws to
pass.  Meanwhile, we will watch the proceedings from the sidelines and
object when the drafts are published for public comment.

Deon ZR1DQ

----- Original Message -----
From: Dave D'Epagnier <DAVED@ctilidar.com>
To: 'Deon Erwin' <zr1dq@qsl.net>
Sent: 06 March 2000 17:07
Subject: RE: [amsat-bb] Antenna Restrictions in Texas and in Cape Town

| Deon, interesting post but since when is a tower not a mast? Sailing
| have masts and your 75' tower is not all that much unlike one of those.
| real surprised that you can convince anyone that your tower is not a
| Anyhow, sounds like you have! Good luck.
| 73,
| Dave
| K0QE
| ----------
| From:  Deon Erwin [SMTP:zr1dq@qsl.net]
| Sent:  Saturday, March 04, 2000 2:30 PM
| To:  David M. Tipton, PhD; Amsat Reflector
| Subject:  Re: [amsat-bb] Antenna Restrictions in Texas and in Cape
| Town
| Hi Dave
| Our provincial (state) antenna regulations do not specify ham
| antennas at
| all and consequently no restrictions for ham antennas exist.
| However, our
| local city council made their own bylaw to control ham antennas
| specifically as they have had some bad experiences in the past with
| ham
| towers.  The bylaw now mentions ham antennas by name and specifies
| that no
| antenna mast may be higher than 3 metres above the highest point of
| the
| house's roof.  The bylaw only specifies the mast height and not the
| antenna
| size or antenna type on top of that mast.  Therefor, a 14MHz
| inverted-V
| would be just as legal as a four element, multiband, HF quad with a
| 30 foot
| boom.  But a mast 3 metres higher than the roof does not allow the
| erection
| of that monster quad.
| A properly designed, constructed and installed free standing tower
| of 75
| feet is erected on this site and supports a monster HF quad with a
| 30 foot
| boom.  The tower is fed at the base with a gamma match to load the
| structure as a 1,8MHz vertical antenna.  Of course there would
| always be a
| neighbour that complains.
| But the council cannot force me to take the system down as I am not
| in
| violation of any antenna law or council bylaw. The reason being that
| I do
| not have an antenna mast, as my 1,8MHz antenna is mounted at ground
| level
| and the quad on top acts as a capacitance hat. Thus, I have only one
| ground
| mounted 1,8MHz antenna.  The bylaw does not specify the type or size
| of
| antenna which may be erected.  In fact, the bylaw does not even
| refer to
| any antenna at all, only the mast.
| The council consulted with the technical experts and they all
| concurred
| that this ground mounted antenna has no mast.
| I have followed several ham's antenna battles in and around our city
| and I
| ask why the antenna problem is always a "ham" problem?  Any person
| with an
| HF receiver may choose to erect any antenna to ensure optimum
| reception,
| irrespective of the frequency.  This is the approach I use with the
| authorities to get them out of the mode of "ham bashing" when it
| comes to
| antenna issues.  Their misconception is that one must be a licensed
| ham to
| need one of those monsters in your backyard.
| It is back to the drawing board for our local council, but I doubt
| whether
| they would be able to legislate a specific antenna, such as an
| antenna for
| 1,8MHz or any other frequency.  They will open a whole different can
| of
| worms if they try that.  I am not a legal eagle, but it will take
| years for
| any legislation to be amended or upgraded.  Meanwhile, I will stick
| to my
| rights according to the present legislation.
| It seems that your crank up tower is a workable solution.  Or
| perhaps a 75
| foot ground mounted 1,8MHz vertical antenna of lattice tower
| construction
| with a capacitance hat in the form of a triband HF yagi.
| Good luck
| Deon ZR1DQ
| ----- Original Message -----
| From: David M. Tipton, PhD <tiptond@psi.com>
| To: <amsat-bb@AMSAT.Org>
| Sent: 01 March 2000 01:35
| Subject: [amsat-bb] Antenna Restrictions in Texas
| | Ok, this is a bit off topic, but I need some advice.
| |
| | I am getting ready to relocate to Lewisville, TX and have run my
| head
| into a
| | brick wall on the height ordinances.  I for the life of me can't
| figure
| this
| | one out.  If I want to put a roof mounted structure up, it cannot
| exceed
| 15
| | Feet off of the top of the roof.  The highest that a house can be
| built
| is
| | 35 feet.  (2 and 1/2 stories.)  This would give you 50 feet to the
| top of
| | the highest point of the antenna.  (From a fairness standpoint, I
| can
| | understand this.  However, from a practical standpoint, where the
| hell am
| I
| | gonna find a 2.5 story home?)
| |
| | The other option I have is to put up a tower with a max height of
| 25 feet
| to
| | the top of the antenna.  Uhmm..  Yeah.. Sure..
| |
| | My point is this...  Through PRB-1 and through the Texas law that
| was
| | enacted it stated the following:
| | the ordinance or order must: 1, reasonably accommodate amateur
| | communications;
| |
| | I understand that a simple sat station antenna at 5 feet off the
| ground
| is
| | ok.  However, I do tend to work some HF from time to time and
| would like
| to
| | be able to put up a tribander, etc.
| |
| | Has anyone ever successfully challenged the actual limits of what
| | "Reasonable accommodation" are?  If I could have separate towers
| for VHF
| and
| | HF, this might be a potential solution, however, you're only
| allowed to
| have
| | the one structure.  Not either or...
| |
| | Thanks for your patience,
| | Dave, N8KXA
| |
| |
| |
| | David M. Tipton, PhD
| | UNIX Technical Lead
| | Principle Operations Support Engineer
| | PSINet, Inc
| |
| | (703) 236-5033 Voice/FAX
| |
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